7 Continents of the World

7 Continents of the World

1. Asia

 • Asia is the largest continent.

• It is located to the north of the Indian Ocean.

• It is the world’s most populated continent.

• India is part of this continent.

• Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world, is situated here.

• The continent has regions that enjoy diverse climatic features like heavy rainfall, low rainfall, snowfall, extreme heat, moderate heat and cold

• Crops like paddy, wheat and maize are cultivated in this continent.

 • Asia is the largest producer of paddy in the world.

2. Africa 

• Africa is the second-largest continent.

• It is located between the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.

 • It stands second in population.

• Most of the regions are deserts. Hence agriculture is sparse. The Sahara, the world’s largest desert, is located here.

• The Nile, the world’s longest river, flows through this continent.

• Dense forests with the world’s richest animal diversity exist in this continent.

3. North America

 • It is located between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. • It stands third in size.

• Mount Mckinley in the Alaska Mountain Range is the highest peak.

• The five great lakes which together hold 21% of the world’s available freshwater are located here.

• The Inuits (Eskimos) living in snow-covered regions are a special feature of this continent

• The climate and soil are suitable for agriculture. • It is the world’s largest producer of wheat.

•The lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario located in Canada and the United States of America are collectively known as the five great lakes of North America.

4. South America

 It is located between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.

• It stands fourth in size.

 • Mount Aconcagua is the highest peak.

• River Amazon with the largest share of freshwater, flows through this continent.

 • The dense forests of the Amazon river basin situated to the north of South America are rich in diverse plant and animal life.

• Cattle rearing is an important occupation of the people.

5. Antarctica 

• Antarctica stands fifth in size.

• It is the coldest region of the world.

• It is known as 'the White Continent' since it is covered with snow throughout the year.  There is no permanent human settlement.

 • Many countries have set up research centres for climate studies and mineral explorations in this mineral rich continent.

• Maitri and Bharathi are the Indian research centres in Antarctica.India opened a post office in 1983 at its first Antarctic Research Centre named Dakshin Gangotri


6. Europe 

• It is located between the Atlantic Ocean and Asia.

• It stands sixth in size.

• The Ural mountain range separates it from Asia.

• It is the third most populated continent.

 • Though Southern Europe enjoys moderate heat and cold, the northern part experiences severe cold.

 • It is industrially developed.

• Fishing is an important occupation. 

7. Australia 

• It is the smallest continent.

 • Australia along with a few surrounding islands is known as Oceania.

 • It is referred to as 'the Island Continent' as it is surrounded by Ocean.

 • Platypus (the egg-laying mammal), kangaroo (the animal with a pouch), Dingo (belonging to the dog family), etc. are found exclusively in Australia. 

•Wheat is cultivated extensively.

• Minerals like gold, iron ore and uranium are heavily mined here.

 • It is famous for sheep rearing. 

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