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National Education Policy 2020 | NEP Highlights | Important Points NEP 2020

The Union Cabinet  chaired by the Narendra Modi has approved the National Education Policy (NEP). NEP 2020 is the first education policy of the 21st century and aims to bring transformational reforms in both school and higher education sectors.
National Education Policy 2020  | NEP Highlights | Important Points NEP 2020

  • The recently approved National education policy 2020 will replace the thirty four year old National policy on Education 1986.
  • The new education policy has emphasized the integration of technology in all levels of learning
  • Ministry of Human Resource Development to be renamed Ministry of Education
  • Public spending on education by states, centre to be raised to 6% of GDP
  • Separate technology unit to develop digital education resources
School Education
  • Mission to ensure literacy and numerical skills by 2025.
  • Universalisation from age 3 to class 10 by 2030.
  • Mother tougue as medium of instruction till Class 5 wherever possible.
  • Board exams to be easier, redesigned
  • New curriculum to include 21st century skills like coding and vocational integration from class 6.
  • 5+3+3+4 Curricular 
Higher Education
  • New umbrella regulator for all higher education except medical, legal courses
  • UG degree: 3-4 years duration
  • PG programmes: 1 to 2 year 
  • No M.phil course
  • College Affiliation system to be phased out in 15 years
Technology in Education 
  • Integration of technology will be done to improve classroom processes.
  • A dedicated unit for the purpose of creating digital infrastructure, digital content and capacity building
  • An autonomous body, the National educational Technology forum, will be created for the exchange of ideas on use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning and administration.
  • Teacher education 
Financial Support: 
  • meritorious students belong to SC, ST, OBC and other socially and economically disadvantaged groups will be given incentives.
  • Private institutions will be encouraged to offer scholar ships to their students
Education Policy Evolution 
  • University Education Commission 1948-1949
  • Secondary Education Commission 1951-1952
  • Dr. D. S. Kothari Education Commission 1964-1966
  • Nation  Policy on Education, 1968
  • 1976 Education in Concurrent list, 42 Constitutional Amendment
  • National  Policy on Education, 1986
  • T.S.R. Subramaniam Committee Report  2016
  • Dr. K. Kasturirangan Committee Report 2019