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July 29 International Tiger Day | Global Tiger Day

According to UNEP, at the 2010 International Tiger Summit in St. Petersburg, Governments of 13 countries that host tiger populations agreed to double tiger numbers by 2022 and endorsed the St. Petersburg Declaration in a historic effort to save the Asian big cat from extinction. They also assigned 29th July as International Tiger Day.
Global Tiger day is to promote a global system for protecting the natural habitats of tigers and to raise public awareness and support for tiger conservation issues.

An estimated 80% of the world’s wild tigers are found in India. Govt. of India launched Project Tiger, a tiger conservation program in the 1970s. There are 50 tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project Tiger which is administrated by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA). In 2006, there were 1,411 tigers which increased to 1,706 in 2010, 2,226 in 2014 and 2967 in 2018.The Indian increase played a big role in driving up global populations as well; the number of wild tigers globally rose from 3,159 in 2010 to 3,890 in 2016 according to WWF and Global Tiger Forum.

Tiger conservation does not just benefit one species; tigers are an umbrella species and by virtue of implementing conservation action to protect tigers, also protecting co-habituating species. This makes tigers hugely important in maintaining a healthy ecosystem.

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